Union Territory (UT): Ladakh
Official Language: Hindi, English and Ladakhi (also called Bhoti or Bhodi)
Dial Code :01982
Currency: Indian Rupee (INR)
Time Zone: GMT +5:30 (IST)
Area: 59,196 square kilometres
Highlights: Monasteries And More
How To Get To Ladakh
Ladakh is at a distance of 434 km from Srinagar and 494 km from Manali, and it is quite convenient to hire a cab or a jeep from either of the two cities. You can also book a seat on a JKSRTC bus. If you are feeling adventurous, you can bike to Leh from Srinagar, Manali or Chandigarh. Winters might not be a good idea for this as the highways are shut due to heavy snowfalls. If you do have to take the road, May to September is the ideal time.
You can take a train up to Jammu Tawi (700 km from Ladakh) from most of the major stations in India, such as Delhi, Kolkata or Mumbai. From there you can hire a cab or once again, board a JKSRTC bus to head further on.
Leh is the nearest airport and has good connectivity to Delhi, Jammu, Srinagar, Chandigarh and many other major cities in India. From Leh, you can book yourself a cab to any of the places that you are interested in visiting.
The altitudes at Ladakh range from 9000ft at Kargil to 25,170ft at Saser Kangri, at the Karakoram Range. It should be perfectly clear that it’s a land of contrasts. Summers here are quite comfortable as compared to the winters, which can be quite harsh. During winters, the temperatures drop to minus 30 degrees in Leh and Kargil, and minus 60 degrees in Drass. Between the months of December to February, this region experiences subzero temperatures. However, the intensity of the sun here is greater as compared to the lower altitudes, due to the thin air.
One of the major problems which you will encounter on your trip to Leh Ladakh is altitude sickness or acute mountain sickness. It’s caused by exposure to lower percentage of oxygen at high latitudes. Some people may face this problem when the altitude increase occurs in the course of a few hours, while some may experience this problem for the first few days even if the gain in altitude is actual. ACM, or acute mountain sickness manifests itself by one or more of the following symptoms – dizziness, headache, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, loss of breath and rapid heart rate. Several precautions and rules must be observed to deal with this problem. One of them is a gradual gain in altitude.
Permit & Passport:
For travelling to Leh, tourists do not require any permit. However, registration is needed for all foreigners and international tourists, especially those travelling by road. Registration can be done at Drass, Rumtse and Sarchu. Those travelling by air should get their registration done at the airport. Tourists are required to obtain a Protect Area Permit for visiting restricted areas including Tso Moriri, Tso Kar, Pangong Tso Lake, Dhahanu and Nubra Valley. One can obtain these permits through registered travel agencies. While travelling, it’s advisable to carry six copies of the permit as these are required to be submitted at the checking points.
Why Outdoor Adventure
It doesn’t matter what type of outdoor activity you do, it’ll entail some form of physical movement. Whether it’s running up a mountain, playing a sport or just going for a walk to the park, every activity will encourage physical exercise, which is good to improve one’s well-being. A walk in the morning before a busy day is a great idea. Not only will you up your physical game but also catch some vitamin D from the sunlight. You can make this a family activity and engage in simple games as they can develop physical agility and proper body coordination.
What You Get
You can either explore nature by going on a trek or by going on a hike, there are many options. Here are a few reasons why spending time in the outdoors is good for you.