Total Area: 45,110 sq km(17,417 sq mi)
Language:Ladakhi, Tibetan, English, Hindi
Average Altitude:3500 mt.
The land so barren and the passes so high, that only the worst of enemies or the best friends would visit this land.. (Ladakhi quote)
Ladakh, nestled between the Himalayan and Karakoram mountain ranges is one of the most magical places on earth. Known as the The land of High Mountain passes or Little Tibet, it averages 3500m in altitude and is one of the most remotely inhabited places on the planet.
The landscape is almost surreal and is breathtaking in its beauty, a land stark in its contrast between barren, brown hills and turquoise lakes surrounded by snow covered mountains. These mountains are home to a people of Tibetan heritage with a rich Buddhist culture evidenced by their many cultural festivals and events.
Ladakh is surrounded by mountain ranges and so is landlocked during the winter season. The only possible way to enter Ladakh during winter is by air. In the summer season Ladakh is accessible by both air and road.
Air: – If you have a short amount of time and are looking for a more comfortable journey, then air travel is the best option.
Road: – If you prefer to view the gorgeous landscape all the way, then we advise you to travel by road which have two alternative routes; via Manali (Himachal Pradesh) and Srinagar (Jammu and Kashmir). While keeping all the current situations in mind, we highly recommend you to undertake journey from Manali, which is far shorter and safer from Delhi to Manali and up to Leh. Normally the road opens at the end of May till mid October, but that too is subjected to amount of snowfall during winter in the Himalayan ranges.
Note: – there are daily buses leaving from Delhi to Manali. Duration of 16-17 hours. Once you will reach Manali, there are both Taxis and buses leaving to Leh daily. If you are in a rush, taxi can help you reach Leh in just a day (16-18 hours), or taxi can be hired to travel leisurely to reach Leh halting all the places where you feel to view landscape or take a break. While bus takes two days with a halt at Serchu for a night, indeed if the bus is in proper shape then it will be comfortable journey.
The valid Indian visa applied from your respective country is all you needed enough to enter Ladakh region. Traveler are required to fill Foreigners Registration Form either at the Airport or at Upshi (via Manali), Drass (via Srinagar). However, if you plan to travel to restricted areas of the Nubra Valley, Tsomoriri Lake, Pangong Lake and Dha-Hanu. You are required to have an inner line permit, which can be easily obtained in Leh within a day.
Ladakh offers wide range of Hotels and Guesthouses, normally run by friendly Ladakhi families. And to delight, there are many restaurants offering Tibetan, Italian, Indian, Korean and continental cuisines. Climate condition.
While the rest of the Indian and Nepalese Himalayas are reeling under heavy monsoon rainfall from June through to October, Ladakh is well known for its pleasant, mild weather without rainfall (leeward side of the mountain). Thus, Ladakh is completely suitable for the traveller seeking adventure and leisure in the Himalayas. The approximate temperature and climate are as follows: –
|Month||Max. Temp||Min. Temp||Comment|
|April||20° Celsius||-5° Celsius||A bit cold in the morning and evening, quite warm during the daytime when the sun is out.|
|May||20°- 25° C||5°- 10° C||Bit cold in the morning and evening but much warmer than April, warm daytime enough to carry treks and other events.|
|June||20°- 35° C||10°- 15° C||From June Ladakh has the most temperate climate in India|
|July||30°- 35° C||15°- 20° C||From mid June Ladakh comes fully alive, with pleasant weather, exotic, beautiful festivals and events awaiting you.|
|August||30° – 35°C||15° – 20°C||More festivals and events will keep you busy|
|September||20° – 25°C||5° – 10° C||A Ladakh festival is the key event this month. The temperature dips a little lower.|
|October||15° – 20°C||0° – 5° C||At the end of this month all activities come to a halt and Ladakh begins its winter hibernation.|
There are many forex agents in Leh and two banks (SBI and J&K). Both SBI and J&K Banks have newly installed ATM machines.
Jhunglam, which means the middle way in Ladakhi is one of the most adventurous and isolated treks in Ladakh.
The valley of Sham, in the lower part of Ladakh, is celebrated for its beauty and richness during the harvest.
A beautiful trek through a less-frequented area of Ladakh, this route follows the same trail as on the Markha trek for the first 3 days.